There is no necessary treatment for age spots because they are not dangerous and do not cause any health problems. However, some people want to remove age spots because of the way they look.
Your doctor may prescribe bleaching creams to fade the age spots gradually. These usually contain hydroquinone, with or without retinoids such as tretinoin. Bleaching creams usually take several months to fade age spots. You will need to wear sunscreen at all times during treatment because bleaching and tretinoin creams make your skin more sensitive to UV damage.
There are several medical procedures to treat age spots. Each medical procedure carries a risk of side effects and complications therefore you need to get your dermatologist’s advice about which treatment is the most appropriate for your skin. Medical procedures for age spots include:
- laser treatment to destroy the cells that produce melanin
- chemical peels to burn the outer layer of your skin, allowing new skin to grow in its place
- dermabrasion, which sands off the outer layers of the skin so new skin can grow in its place
- cryosurgery, which freezes age spots with liquid nitrogen
Always wear sunscreen after treatment to protect your healing skin from UV damage.
For cream to remove age spots, choose one that contains hydroquionone, deoxyarbutin, glycolic acid, alpha hydroxy acid, or kojic acid.
You can ask your dermatologist to recommend brands that effectively conceal age spots.